Before 1987, when National Law school of India University (NLSIU) , the first Indian law University was set up in Bangalore and offered a five years integrated law course in B.A.LL.B. (Honours) the legal education had been generally offered as a three years graduate degree (LL.B).BCI is the authority that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. It sets the standards for legal education and also grants recognition to law Universities of India. Other than sea opportunity in corporate sector or law firms , a young law graduate will have numerous career options such as
- The Indian Legal Service (ILS) The Indian Legal Service, a channel of appointment of legal professionals in the service of central government, is an all-India service that has existed since 1956. Its officers are generally appointed through a competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). However, only experienced lawyers are eligible.
- Government Lawyer: Works for the government and in close coordination with the police.
- Public Prosecutor
- Attorney General
- Judge: Offers judgment after conducting the court proceedings and hearing al the concerned parties.
- District & Sessions judge
- Criminal Lawyer: Specializes in criminal laws CrPC, IPC, Evidence Act and various other penal laws.
- Civil Litigation Lawyer: Specializes in civil laws e.g. taxation laws, excise laws.
- Legal Analyst: Works for corporate firms or law firms and analyses laws pertaining to the sphere of the company and its operation.
- Legal Advisor: Offers consultancy to corporate firms regarding their legal obligations, duties, legal relations with other firms
- Legal Journalist: Covers crime beats, legal proceedings in courts, arbitration courts, international courts and arbitration events.
- Document Drafting Lawyer: Specializes in drafting various documents containing agreements, terms and conditions, case material, etc.
- Munsifs (Sub-Magistrate)
Requirements : Specialized among these
A degree in law not only lets you practice as a lawyer in the courts in the company but also opens up career options in sectors like corporate management, legal services and administrative services. now students can opt to specialize in any of the various options offered.
- Administrative Law
- Family Law
- Law of Taxation
- Legal Methods
- Intellectual Property Law
- Law of Evidence
- Banking Law
- Code of Civil Procedure
- Political Science
- Litigation Advocacy
- Human Rights & International Law
- Legal Writing
- Environmental Law
Some renowned law firms in the country are:
- Khaitan & Co
- Wadia Ghandy & Co
- Economic Laws Practice
- Singhania & Partners
- J Sagar Associates
- Luthra & Luthra
- Desai & Diwanji
- Amarchand Mangaldas
- AZB & Partners
- Titus & Co
- Vaish & Associates
- Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan
Demand and Supply
India is a country with one of the highest litigation rates among its population .The Bar Council of India has often expressed its concern that young lawyers do not prefer joining the Bar, resulting in an acute shortage of qualified lawyers. Though it’s estimated that not less than ten lakh lawyers are registered in India but according to law experts only 20 per cent of them can be considered eligible enough to practice law in courts. Several law schools like NLSU, NALSAR were established to increase the level of legal education and produce skilled lawyers to meet the requirement.
Legal education, patterns as well as practices in numerous countries are identical to Indian judiciary particularly in countries such as U.K, Australia etc. This opens up sea opportunities in abroad also.